Vom Passiv zum Aktiv

Das Aktiv ist meist verständlicher als das Passiv. Vom Passiv ins Aktiv zu wechseln ist einfach, benötigt aber etwas Übung. Beachten Sie in der Vergleichstafel unten, daß to be im Passiv immer in derselben Zeitform wie das Hauptverb. Um den Aktiv zu verwenden, muss das Subjekt eindeutig sein.

To Keep, Aktiv und Passiv

Zeitform Aktiv Passiv Aktiv Passiv Entsprechung
Präsens - Simple present keep is kept I keep the butter in the fridge. The butter is kept in the fridge.
Präsens Verlauf - Present continuous is keeping is being kept John is keeping my house tidy. My house is being kept tidy.
Präteritum - Simple past kept was kept Mary kept her schedule meticulously. Mary's schedule was kept meticulously.
Präteritum Verlauf - Past continuous was keeping was being kept The theater was keeping a seat for you. A seat was being kept for you.
Perfekt - Present perfect have kept have been kept I have kept all your old letters. All your old letters have been kept.
Plusquamperfekt - Past perfect had kept had been kept He had kept up his training regimen for a month. His training regimen had been kept up for a month.
Futur I - Simple Future will keep will be kept Mark will keep the ficus. The ficus will be kept.
Konditional Präsens would keep would be kept If you told me, I would keep your secret. If you told me, your secret would be kept.
Konditional Perfekt would have kept would have been kept I would have kept your bicycle here if you had left it with me. Your bicycle would have been kept here if you had left it with me.
Infinitiv Präsens to keep to be kept She wants to keep the book. The book wants to be kept.
Infinitiv Perfekt to have kept to have been kept Judy was happy to have kept the puppy. The puppy was happy to have been kept.
Partizip Präsens & Gerundium keeping being kept I have a feeling that you may be keeping a secret. I have a feeling that a secret may be being kept.
Partizip Perfekt having kept having been kept Having kept the bird in a cage for so long, Jade wasn't sure it could survive in the wild. The bird, having been kept in a cage for so long, might not survive in the wild.